We are pleased to announce the recipients of the 2017 Collaborative Cancer Disparities Research Program…congratulations to the following investigators!
Lindsay Kuroki (WUSTL PI) and Assaad Semaan (SIU PI)
Addressing unmet basic needs to improve adherence among women with an abnormal Pap
Our GOAL is to support pilot research projects representing new collaborations between investigators from both institutions (WUSTL and SIUSM).
Our AIM is to solicit pilot proposals to advance research collaboration, build capacity and support researchers at SIUSM, and to encourage more WUSTL investigators to move toward rural cancer disparity research.
Pilot Project Selected for Year Two (2016):
We are pleased to announce the two pilot projects selected for the 2016 CCDRP. Congratulations to the following investigators!
Mary Politi (WUSTL PI) and Swati Pathak (SIU PI)
Supporting Decisions About Cancer Clinical Trials in Rural Cancer Centers
Lauren Arnold (Siteman PI) and Arun Sharma (SIU PI)
Assessing Head and Neck Cancer Awareness as a Function of Rural Residence
Pilot Project Selected for Year One (2015):
Shaheen Alanee (SIU PI) and Erin Linnenbringer (WUSTL PI)
Health Literacy in the Context of Kidney Cancer & Smoking
Abstract: The goal of this innovative and feasible project is to use a multidisciplinary approach to examine Health Literacy (HL) in the context of kidney cancer and smoking among rural populations in southern and central Illinois (rural; largely white and lower SES) compared to urban cohorts. Kidney cancer is the fifth most common malignancy in the U.S. Recent work from SIUSM focusing on rural populations in Southern and Central Illinois found a significant difference between urban and rural counties for kidney cancer and kidney cancer mortality therein. These results demonstrate that rural residence is associated with increased urologic cancer mortality on a county level in Illinois. One possible contributing factor associated with this relationship is a difference in HL concerning the link between smoking and kidney cancer. In recent work outside of rural Illinois, limited HL has been associated with higher nicotine dependence, more positive and less negative smoking outcome perceptions, reduced knowledge about smoking risks, and overall lower risk perceptions. There is evidence that limited HL may serve as a critical risk factor for impaired smoking cessation among low SES, racially/ethnically diverse smokers. Since HL has been consistently associated with SES and race/ethnicity in the US, research is needed to investigate potential mechanisms underlying this relationship. The investigators posit that despite high levels of symptoms, rural patients will report lower levels of disease impact and bother. Thus, the investigators expect to find correlations of different magnitudes between symptom levels and bother in rural compared to urban patients. They propose the following specific aims: 1) Examine whether health literacy and cancer literacy differ by geographic region (rural vs. urban). 2). Investigate whether knowledge of smoking and kidney cancer differs by geographic region. 3). Compare threshold for the bothersomeness of urologic symptoms by geographic region. The pilot findings generated by this proposed study will be critical in multiple future grant applications from this new collaborative group of investigators. An innovative aspect of this proposal is the measurement of differences in the level of urologic symptoms required before they become bothersome enough to seek help. This proposal has regional and national implications: HL and knowledge differences between urban and rural populations will point the way to targeted smoking cessation programs for rural residents, has implications for urology density and workforce distribution as well opening the door for renal cancer genomics and biomarkers.
Dr. Erin Linnenbringer discusses her pilot project about health literacy in kidney cancer patients at the July 2016 retreat.